Parkin Crafts

Art has never been made while thinking of art.

About Parkin Crafts

We help you convert those abstract ideas into reality! Cut, fold, stick, colour, paint – you name it, and we’ll help you do it!

What we offer


Traditional Art

Infuse a touch of modernity into conventional arts!


Awaken the Vincent van Gogh in you!

Craft Work

Get acquainted with all the craft forms – from traditional origami to the modern styles!

Latest Updates!


8 Easy Steps to Planting Soil Pots and Beds

Gardeners face many difficulties in preparing the soil in their beds. From brand new beds to existing ones, adding organic matter can improve soil structure significantly.

Soil moisture should also be considered. To work the soil effectively, it should be moist but not waterlogged; to test for this simply grab a handful and squeeze. If it forms into a ball when pinched with your thumb it’s ready for work!

1. Know Your Soil

Soils are living ecosystems that provide essential services. They contain nutrients, water, decaying organisms and minerals such as sand, silt and clay. Amending soil with organic matter typically improves its texture as well as its nutrient and moisture levels.

Soil structure is also key. Soil particles clump together into small clumps called “peds,” which take different shapes depending on conditions and can alter how water, air, and organisms move through a soil.

Soil texture can be determined by the proportion of sand, silt, and clay particles; loamy soil has nearly equal portions of these three components to provide ample aeration and nutrition availability. A simple test to assess your soil texture: Use a wire flag plunged vertically into the ground to determine how quickly or slowly it bends – fast bending indicates loose, easily manipulatable soil; slow bending indicates dense or compacted conditions.

2. Know Your Plants

Knowing your plants well allows you to select an ideal location. For instance, beds that receive direct sunlight all day will become hot and dry quickly; in such an instance, heat-tolerant and drought-tolerant plants would make the best selections for this zone. Moreover, having kultiva living soil beds can help plant development compared to normal soil beds.

Note the status of an invasive or susceptible plant when planting it to help decide whether or not you place it within reach of watering hose. This information will assist with making decisions on placement.

An effective way of determining if a plant will thrive in its chosen environment is to examine how much water it requires. You’ll know this from its soil; whether hydrophobic (repelling water) or easily absorbent. Knowing how much water a plant needs can make an enormous difference to its performance when transplanted.

3. Know Your Climate

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map categorizes climate conditions across the nation into zones, providing an easy way for gardeners to select plants which will thrive and survive in their region. Knowing your zone helps ensure you select plants which will flourish in your garden environment.

Climate zones take into account average temperatures as well as other factors that influence plant health, such as humidity levels and summer temperature extremes, in addition to length of growing seasons and length of growing seasons. You can find information on climate zones in many gardening books, seed catalogs and online.

Keep a close eye on weather patterns in your garden to understand their effect on crops, such as yellowed lower leaves indicating overwatering or browning at the edges indicating under-watering. Selecting the correct potting soil also plays a major role in successful germination and growth; best potting mixes should include non-soilless ingredients that promote proper drainage, airflow, no weed seeds or contain an optimal pH level suitable for seed starting.

4. Know Your Soil Type

Soil provides plants with vital anchorage and stores their nourishment, acting like an inexhaustible reservoir of resources. Composed of different-sized mineral particles – such as sand, silt and clay – in various proportions, ideal soil texture often called loam is achieved when this combination is properly balanced.

To determine what kind of soil you have, take a small spadeful out and squeeze it gently in your hand. Does the mass crumble easily or hold its shape? If it holds together well, it may be clay while if it breaks apart easily it could be sandy soil.

Make an easy experiment out of it by placing some soil into a clean jar with straight sides and filling it with water. As it settles, it should separate into distinct sections: sand at the bottom, silt in the middle, and clay on top – counting how thick each section is will give an idea of your soil’s percentage breakdown by component.

5. Know Your Soil pH

Most landscape plants have specific pH requirements. Technically speaking, it measures the concentration of hydrogen ions; however, in everyday usage this term refers to how acidic or alkaline the soil is. Acidic soils inhibit uptake of certain essential nutrients while too much alkaline soil may prevent some plants from flourishing altogether.

As testing soil pH is relatively straightforward and there are numerous home testing kits available, it should not prove challenging to perform this test. Simply mix some small soil sample with distilled water and dip a pH test strip into it – when in contact with soil it will change color to reveal an instant readout from a chart on your package. Alternatively, lab-based analysis is also an option; though these tests require longer preparation times but provide more precise readings.

6. Know Your Soil Moisture Level

There are multiple methods for evaluating soil moisture. One is simply using your hands to feel the texture of the soil. This approach works well when dealing with plants like Umbrella Palms and Boston Ferns which need relatively moist conditions; it may not be as useful when dealing with drought-tolerant varieties such as Cacti or Succulent species as this could lead to overwatering if watered when surface conditions appear dry.

An efficient way of measuring soil moisture levels quickly is with a soil moisture meter, available both online and at garden centers. When purchasing one, make sure it comes equipped with a sturdy probe designed specifically to work in more clay-like soil textures; and an easy-to-read display will prove particularly helpful in clay conditions. A soil moisture meter will indicate current soil moisture levels but won’t tell you exactly when or how often to water; that requires further investigation of your plant’s needs.

Most plants thrive when soil moisture levels remain consistent; however, too much moisture can also be detrimental. A reliable method for monitoring moisture levels in your garden or container planting is crucial to properly caring for them.

Watering should begin when the top 2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch; it is also essential that all of the subsoil receives sufficient hydration.

Use a soil moisture meter to assess how wet your soil is. Make sure it has a sturdy probe designed to penetrate clay-rich soil, as this will give an accurate reading. Mulching your garden may help retain more moisture by decreasing evaporation rates.

7. Know Your Soil Composition

Soil is an ever-evolving natural medium, affected by five interrelated forces: parent material, living organisms, climate, topography and time. Due to this interaction of elements that influence its makeup, soils come in all sorts of varieties all across the planet.

Inorganic soil components include clay, silt and sand particles in various proportions to create its unique texture. The proportions can differ depending on your location, impacting physical properties such as structure and density.

Substituting some screened compost and/or organic matter that’s rich in nutrients to your soil is always a smart move, helping to improve soil structure, increase water and air infiltration, decrease runoff and release previously locked-up nutrients that were locked up in mineral fractions of soils. High quality organic matter increases soil organic carbon (SOC), leading to improved aeration, water retention and nutrient availability.

Healthy soil typically consists of 20 percent clay, 40 percent silt and 40 percent sand. Additionally, healthy soil contains organic matter, minerals and water as well as supporting an ecosystem in which microorganisms provide food sources to plants and other organisms that live there.

Loamy soil texture is considered ideal; it combines equal portions of sand, silt and clay and feels fine-textured when rubbed between your fingers. Loamy soil also retains moisture well throughout spring and summer without drying out quickly or overheating rapidly; plus it requires regular replenishment with organic material as well as the application of fertilizers in order to remain vital and vitality.

To test the soil texture, grab a handful of moist soil and squeeze it between your fingers – if it crumbles into pieces then you have sandy or gravelly soil, while if it stays together it could be clay-rich soil – this information will come in handy when selecting seeds, filling containers or raising beds.

8. Know Your Soil Organic Matter

When planting soil pots and beds, it is crucial that you understand your soil organic matter level. Soil organic matter contributes to its structure, nutrient holding capacity, water retention capacity and aeration as well as other characteristics.

Organic matter in soil consists of living microbial biomass and decomposed plant residues, accounting for 22-25% by volume. While living microbial biomass provides readily accessible plant nutrients to plants, decomposed plant residues stabilize into humus to form part of its total composition and make up an additional component.

To increase organic matter in a garden or raised bed, regular applications of compost, manure and leafy greens will go a long way toward increasing levels of humus. High carbon materials like peat moss or sawdust should only be added sparingly or when decomposition has already reached this stage.

Offroad Vehicle Customization: From Functional to Fancy

Many people buy trucks and SUVs that come ready to hit the trails. But for intrepid adventurers, nothing beats the thrill of making their factory truck or SUV uniquely their own.

Functional upgrades like spray-on bedliners serve a practical purpose, while other enhancements such as LED lighting, UTV Whip Flags, or a suspension lift kit add a unique visual appeal.

Custom Seats

We often take seats for granted, but they play a serious role in both comfort and safety. Sitting for extended periods of time in an uncomfortable seat can cause back pain, and poorly designed seating can leave you vulnerable to injury during four-wheeling adventures. High-tech off-road seats offer comfort and ergonomics that make for a more enjoyable ride, while quality restraint systems help offset fatigue and deter injuries during sudden stops or rollovers.

Whether you’re slalom, autocross, dirt track, road race or drag racing, the right seat can mean the difference between winning and losing. FIA-approved bucket seats provide the support and position you need to maximize your performance while avoiding back strain and fatigue. Different designs feature adjustable features like lumbar support to customize fit and positioning.

Unlike traditional suspension seats, these seats mount to the factory seat mounting tabs on your vehicle’s frame. That means they install in a fraction of the time and are less expensive to maintain. You’ll have more space behind your seat to install an auxiliary cooler, which is handy for keeping drinks and snacks cold during long drives.

Auxiliary Lights

The rugged terrains and unsurfaced roads of off-roading require a powerful, high-quality light to illuminate the way. LED auxiliary lights, which are available in various brightness and beam pattern options, can be mounted to the front or rear of a vehicle to improve visibility when driving off-road. In addition to enhancing a vehicle’s aesthetic, these lights also help increase safety by allowing off-road enthusiasts to spot obstacles or pedestrians on the trail and avoid collisions.

Choosing the best off-road lighting system for your vehicle depends on your individual preferences, as well as the type of off-roading you plan to do. For example, if you’re planning on exploring rugged terrains and unsurfaced roads at night, you’ll want to choose an LED light that can be used for both long and short distance illumination. This means looking for a model with both spot and flood beam patterns, as well as a variety of power levels to ensure you have enough illumination to tackle any adventure.

When evaluating auxiliary light kits, you should always consider the product’s construction and IP rating for water and dust resistance. Also, since off-road lighting systems will be subjected to a lot of vibration and shock while traveling over rugged terrain, it’s important to opt for a sturdy LED kit with a strong, reliable mount.

Some off-road light kits come with a mounting base, while others allow you to mount them wherever you want on your vehicle. The latter option can be more convenient, as you don’t have to worry about drilling into your vehicle’s bodywork. Additionally, these light systems tend to be more affordable than installing a full off-road LED light bar.

Auxiliary lighting kits are available in a wide variety of designs and configurations, so you’re sure to find one that matches your vehicle’s style and personality.

Regardless of which off-road light kit you choose, it’s important to familiarize yourself with local laws and regulations regarding their usage on public roads. This way, you can be sure to use them responsibly and safely on the road and respect other motorists’ privacy.

Suspension Upgrades

There are dozens of suspension upgrades available for your offroad vehicle, ranging from a basic lift kit to a more comprehensive suspension system. You can find kits by reputable brands such as Fabtech, Pro Comp, and Rough Country that are designed to provide maximum clearance and articulation while improving ride quality on-road and off.

When it comes to suspension, there are two important factors to consider: ride height and ground clearance. A suspension lift raises your truck or SUV by suspending the frame, engine, body, and powertrain above the wheels. This increases the distance between the bottom of your vehicle and the ground, allowing you to clear taller tires and overhanging obstacles with ease.

A sway bar is another common suspension upgrade, which reduces the amount of movement your suspension makes as you drive over rough terrain. These bars are often made of urethane and use a series of springs to create a stable and controlled feel on offroad tracks. They are popular among 4WD enthusiasts because they can help to stabilize your vehicle when you hit bumps or holes in the road.

Other suspension upgrades include coil springs and heavy-duty shock absorbers. These replace your original components and improve performance, articulation, and load-carrying capacity. Coil springs are a popular choice because they offer better articulation than leaf springs. They also increase ride height and allow for larger, more aggressive tires. Heavy-duty shock absorbers are a must for offroading, as they are specially designed to handle the demands of rough terrain.

Suspension upgrades can make a big difference when it comes to your offroading experience, but it is important to consult professionals before changing your suspension. When done incorrectly, a suspension change can have negative consequences such as uneven load distribution, poor handling, and unsafe operation.

Other things to keep in mind when choosing a suspension setup are the off-road intensity you will be doing and your load requirements. Mild trails may require a different setup than extreme rock crawling, for example. Additionally, if you are towing heavy trailers on a regular basis, you should select a suspension system that can accommodate this weight.

Wheels & Tires

When it comes to modifying your offroad vehicle, there are a number of key components that must be considered and carefully selected. The first is the tires, as they can make or break how well your vehicle performs in a variety of offroad situations.

Unlike regular passenger car tires that are designed to grip a relatively smooth paved surface, off-road vehicles need special tread patterns that can handle a variety of challenging terrains, including dirt, gravel, mud and snow. Some of the most popular options for offroad vehicles are all-terrain or mud-terrain tires, which have deeper and wider grooves that allow them to provide superb traction in the aforementioned conditions.

Other options for offroad drivers include running larger tires, which can improve the appearance of your vehicle and increase ground clearance while also improving traction. However, it is important to remember that larger tires can cause your ride to become unbalanced, which may result in a lack of control and potentially damage your undercarriage. Therefore, it is recommended to only use offroad tires that are specifically designed for your vehicle.

As for wheel selection, off-roaders are often interested in upgrading their factory wheels to larger ones that offer a more aggressive and rugged look. Some even opt for a lift kit, which raises the body of their offroad vehicle one to two inches higher than the factory configuration to provide better clearance when crossing difficult terrain.

Many offroaders also choose to run a different type of wheel, such as steel or aluminum. Steel wheels tend to be more durable and cost less, while aluminum wheels are lighter and offer a greater strength-to-weight ratio. However, when choosing a wheel for your offroad vehicle, it is important to know that its load rating must match or exceed the load rating of your tire.

If you are looking to upgrade the capabilities of your offroad vehicle, speak with the person from whom you bought it or a high-quality mechanic about some of these additional options. They can help you select the best equipment for your specific vehicle and explain how each will impact its performance.

6 Key Differences Between Land and Topographic Surveys

Topographic surveys provide data that identifies man made and natural land features, including contours. They are often required before construction can begin and provide valuable information to contractors, engineers and architects.

Surveyors use specialized equipment such as robotic total stations and GPS to measure and create maps of the land’s surface. These instruments also identify the location of obstacles like fences, walls and structures.

1. Land Surveys Only Measure Elevation

If you are planning to build on a piece of land, topographical surveys provide the data you need to determine whether your plans are feasible or if there will be any challenges with the terrain. This is because a topographic survey measures the changes in elevation across a property, which are then marked on a map using contour lines.

This mapping is done by utilizing specialized equipment that pinpoints the distance above sea level at specific points on a property known as control points. These points are fixed with a metal “bench mark” that fixes the location and often indicates its elevation about mean sea level.

Land surveyors then use these turning point bench marks to find the locations of other nearby points, and they plot them on a topographic map using an algorithm called profile levelling. This procedure involves measuring the slope between each point and a specified reference line, such as a local road or a neighboring property boundary.

A topographic survey can include a variety of additional information, such as the location and dimensions of easements, trees, buildings, and other features, as well as indicating the location where improvements like driveways and septic systems can be constructed. Mortgage plot plan surveys are another common use for topographic surveys, as are monumentation surveys, which are used to verify that a fence or wall is located within property boundaries.

2. Land Surveys Only Measure Boundaries

While a land survey has a variety of uses, its main focus is to determine property lines, which helps with the development and sale of real estate. They also help local authorities grant building permits and ensure compliance with zoning laws.

A land survey includes a map that pinpoints the exact location of the boundaries. In addition to this, it also provides a written description and any monuments located at the corners of the property. This information is crucial for various professionals, such as engineers and architects.

Topographic surveys are a more in-depth version of a boundary survey, as they identify and describe the natural and man-made features of the land. These features include changes in terrain, bodies of water, structures and fences. They also measure the elevation on a piece of land and present it as contour lines on a plot. Engineers and architects use this data to plan their projects and speed up the construction process.

Boundary surveys are an essential tool for homeowners, ensuring they can build or expand their property without worrying about legal disputes with neighbors. They also help avoid encroachments, which occur when one property builds on or otherwise occupies the grounds of another.

3. Land Surveys Only Measure Contours

Topographic surveys detail the height, size, depth, and location of any natural or manufactured features on a piece of land. They also map the changes in terrain and contours of the land, which can be helpful for home builders who need to know the land’s surface conditions before beginning construction projects.

The data gathered in a topographic survey can also be used for identifying and labeling objects found on the property, such as trees, roads, buildings, drainage ditches, and more. It is important for architects, engineers, construction builders, and others to have this information before building structures or starting new projects on a property.

These surveys can be done using several different methods. One method is to stake out contour lines with a square-grid pattern and then measure distances between them from one point to another. This method is commonly used for contouring small areas of land and can be very accurate. Another way to measure contours is to use a cross-section, which involves determining elevations for points located on short lines laid out at right angles to a surveyed base line.

A topographic survey can be combined with a boundary survey to reflect both property boundaries and physical features, but it can also stand on its own. For example, a topographic survey can show you the best spot to build a drainage ditch so water can run away from your property instead of flowing into it.

4. Land Surveys Only Measure Distances

When people think of land surveys, they typically imagine a standard boundary survey that establishes property lines. However, there are many other types of land surveys that serve different purposes and industries.

A surveyor’s specialized equipment and software tools allow them to measure three-dimensional distances between points on a map. This is how land surveyors can determine the exact location and dimensions of a building, road, or other man-made feature.

These surveys are also useful for locating and mapping existing natural and man-made features, such as land contours, trees, waterways, and fences. The data collected by a topographic survey can help engineers, architects, and construction builders design infrastructure projects accurately and speed up site development.

The accuracy of a survey depends on the amount of information that the surveyor collects, how much detail they put into it, and the techniques they use. For example, skilled surveyors can achieve an accuracy of one part in 10,000 (1 centimeter per 100 meters) along slopes. In addition, they can ensure that the data on their maps is to scale by measuring the relative position of each point from a series of reference points called control stations.

5. Land Surveys Only Measure Height

A land survey is a way to determine the specific location of a property’s boundaries and features. These include natural and man-made elements like buildings, fences, trees, ponds and streams, and the terrain’s elevation as represented by land contour lines. This information is important to architects, engineers, construction builders and other professionals who rely on it for their projects and developments.

While most people associate a land survey with boundary surveys, there are actually many different types of surveys that may be conducted on a plot. Depending on your circumstances, one type of survey might be more suitable than another. For example, ALTA/NSPS surveys tend to be more appropriate for a purchase or sale of a piece of property because they provide details about the boundaries that surround it.

On the other hand, topographic surveys are often more appropriate for new construction and renovations because they capture detailed information about a site’s physical characteristics. This information is particularly useful for engineers and architects, who rely on it to design infrastructure projects accurately. The data can also be used for environmental assessments and resolving boundary disputes. So, if you’re planning on buying or building a new property, talk to a professional from South West Surveys about the best type of survey for your situation.

6. Land Surveys Only Measure Distances Between Points

Land surveys are a great way to find out more about the plot of land you are planning to buy or sell. They can tell you exactly where your property lines are, and prevent improvements from encroaching on neighboring properties. They can also give you an idea of how large a property is, which can help with pricing it for sale.

However, they aren’t the only type of survey that needs to be conducted in order to get a more thorough picture of your plot of land. Other surveys that can be very useful include topographic surveys, which are essential for construction projects.

Unlike boundary surveys, topographical surveys focus on elevation and the shape of the land. Using specialized equipment like GPS receivers and total stations, land surveyors can accurately measure distances and heights to create detailed maps of the landscape. This allows architects, engineers and builders to visualize their sites and speed up construction.

Topographical surveys are also used to determine the size, location and characteristics of natural features such as rivers, lakes and wetlands. Additionally, they can identify the position of both organic and man-made structures, including roads and buildings. This information is used to support applications for planning permission.

8 Common Sources of RF Radiation and How to Avoid Them

Based on a wide range of scientific evidence, there is no confirmed health effect from radiofrequency radiation at levels that do not cause measurable heating of tissues. The current exposure limits set by ICNIRP guard against such effects.

To reduce your RF exposure, avoid holding cell phones to your head and body. Also, use speaker mode and an air tube wired headset when talking on the phone.

1. Cell Phones

Cellphones have revolutionized the way we communicate. Now, more than 8.3 billion people have a cellular phone subscription—more than the entire world population! However, this popular technology also emits radiofrequency energy (RF), which is a form of non-ionizing radiation. The tissues nearest to the antenna absorb this RF energy, which can cause health concerns.

In the US, mobile phones must meet safety limits set by the FCC for Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)—a measure of how much RF energy is absorbed by 10 grams of human tissue. Similar standards are in place in most countries, though they use different metrics.

While the SAR of a hand-held mobile phone may seem high, there is no evidence that long-term exposure to this RF energy causes harmful effects in humans. Even under worst-case conditions, where a phone is held to the head and operating at full power, the SAR of a mobile phone is thousands of times below the levels set by the ICNIRP guidelines. Nevertheless, users can reduce their exposure by using hands-free kits for mobile phones that allow them to maintain greater separation distance between the phone and body.

2. Wi-Fi Routers

A router is the gatekeeper to your Internet connection. It takes the wired signal from your cable or fiber Internet service provider and translates it into a wireless signal that can connect devices to your network.

The RF radiation from your router, cordless phones and other household items will be strongest near the source, but the strength of this electromagnetic field will fall off quickly with distance. However, some people may experience a negative physical reaction to this energy even at long-range distances.

Wi-Fi routers are usually powered by Linux, a free and open operating system that also runs on Android smartphones, video game consoles, smart home devices and automobiles. Other operating systems used in RF-emitting devices include VxWorks, which has been deployed on Mars spacecrafts and telescopes as well as in aircraft and cars. Various governments have established exposure standards for RF energy to protect their citizens and workers, including the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). These guidelines suggest safe levels of RF exposure separately for the general public and workers.

3. Bluetooth Devices

RF radiation is a form of electromagnetic energy that travels on radio waves. Cell phones use RF energy to transmit signals carrying voice information from one phone to another over long distances, while cordless phones communicate with local base stations. Other domestic sources of RF radiation include WiFi routers, microwave ovens and Bluetooth devices.

While research hasn’t established a clear link between RF radiation and cancer or other health issues, some people still worry about the possibility. Some people recommend using products like EMF and RF shielding to block unwanted RF energy from entering your home and added Emf Protection.

The good news is that most modern devices emit much lower levels of RF radiation than they did in the past. This is because most wireless devices have a built-in RF filter that helps to reduce the amount of radiation they produce. If you are concerned about using a device with Bluetooth technology then try to choose models that fall into the class 3 category, which uses less power than other classes. You can also find a ferrite bead to add to the end of electrical cords, which will help to reduce the amount of RF radiation that runs up the wire.

4. Smart Meters

RF radiation from smart meters can be an issue for some people. These digital meters use AC sensors to log your power usage and transmit this information back to the company in a wireless fashion. Some power companies have started rolling back their smart meter programs and others are allowing customers to opt-out for a fee, but this is still at the discretion of each company.

Utilities are rushing to install smart meters for many reasons, but they also require a lot more frequent transmissions of RF radiation than older analog meters. Some customers claim that they suffer from symptoms and illnesses like headaches and dizziness after the smart meter is installed.

Most utilities publish low RF exposure numbers for their devices that are calculated through time-averaging. However, the strong millisecond pulses from smart meters are similar to that of a strobe light and can cause neurological issues in some people including headaches, dizziness and even epileptic seizures. Fortunately, most of this RF can be blocked by covering the back of the smart meter with a metal shield or box (like this one). However, some of this RF will still leak out through the bottom of the meter.

5. Wireless Security Systems

Radiation from wireless security systems is generated by transmitters, receivers and other hardware components. The transmitters emit RF energy that can be picked up by antennae on the device or by an individual person. Generally, RF energy is not strong enough to cause any biological effects. However, it can heat parts of the body and cause symptoms such as skin irritation or fatigue.

RF EMR is nonionizing radiation, which means it does not carry enough energy to break chemical bonds or remove electrons (ionization). While the results of some cellular phone studies in test tubes and animals have been mixed, most research has found no link between cell phone use and cancer or other health issues.

RF and microwave radiation can be avoided by using a variety of controls, including shielding and grounding. In addition, administrative controls such as warnings, fencing and restricted access can limit exposure where it may exceed applicable exposure limits.

6. Baby Monitors

A baby monitor transmits audio and video signals from a nursery to an area outside the room, where parents or caregivers can view and listen to their infant. Baby monitors use analog or digital 2.4 GHz WiFi, DECT, or FHSS technology to transmit their signals.

RF radiation is electromagnetic waves that can be transmitted from many common wireless communication devices, including cell phones, cordless DECT phones, Wi-Fi computer networks, and smart meters. It is also present in household appliances like televisions and microwave ovens. Although there have been concerns about health effects associated with RF radiation, there is no scientific evidence of harm from long-term exposure to low levels.

When selecting a baby monitor, look for one with strong security settings. Look for features like dual data encryption and two-factor authentication. Check the retailer’s return policy before adding a monitor to your registry or purchasing one online. Many parents prefer plug-in monitors over battery operated ones. Look for a monitor with a built-in night vision feature to see your baby in a dark room. Some monitors are even Wifi-enabled and connect to your smartphone, letting you watch your baby from anywhere, especially when leaving home for work or giving them to a sitter.

7. Cordless Phones

RF radiation is electromagnetic energy that travels through the air. It is generated by the acceleration of charge in circuits and can also be produced naturally by things like lightning strikes. This type of energy can be transferred from one object to another by antennas. It can cause heating and distortion of materials when it comes into contact with them.

Cordless phones are a common example of a source of RF radiation. These devices use radio frequencies to communicate with a base station that connects to the telephone network. The handset can move around your home or office with limited range (typically a few meters), but it must be close to the base station to function properly.

The amount of RF radiation a handheld phone emits is measured by its Specific Absorption Rate, which is the ratio of the power density of a handset to the total time-averaged power level of the phone’s base station in milliwatts per square centimeter. This is a measurement used to establish safety limits in the US.

8. Smart Speakers

Smart Speakers have become a hot item in households and are used as music players, virtual assistants (like Alexa), to control other devices, and more. But these chatty devices aren’t toys and treating them as such can have a harmful effect on children.

Like cell phones, smart speakers emit RF EME radiation. Unlike the ionizing radiation from X-rays, CT scans and MRIs, RF EME emissions do not break down DNA or cause cancer but may have other, more subtle effects on the body.

Whether it’s an Amazon Alexa, Google Home or another smart speaker, they all use Wi-Fi to communicate with their base stations and emit constant RF EME. While this type of EMF exposure has not been found to be dangerous by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), reducing exposure is still recommended.

To reduce your family’s RF EMF exposure, keep Smart Speakers away from kids, avoid talking on the phone with it to your head and only use speaker mode, power off wireless devices when not in use, and only use cordless phone bases in the home.

Journey Through VHS: A Comprehensive History and Guide

VHS has had a massive impact on pop culture. From big-name movies to home videos of family gatherings, VHS has been a fixture in many homes and lives.

VHS was the first technology that changed how we watch entertainment. It ushered in an age where time shifting, fast-forwarding, and rewinding became the norm.

The VHS era

If you grew up watching Disney movies, horror flicks from the early 80s, or classic action films, chances are you watched them on VHS tapes. This was the dominant home entertainment format for decades, and it led to the rise of movie rental stores like Blockbuster.

In 1976, JVC (or the Victor Company of Japan) released its magnetic tape videocassette recorder, which eventually became known as VHS. This began a fierce war with other competing home video formats such as Sony’s Betamax, which offered superior picture quality but a higher price tag and shorter recording time.

However, VHS emerged victorious from the first great format war due to its lower price and wider availability of titles. In fact, it only took a few years before the VHS format had captured more than 90% of the world’s $5.25 billion market for home video recording devices.

Aside from its enduring popularity, VHS also revolutionized the way we watch entertainment. Unlike traditional film, which was recorded in one long take and presented as linear to audiences, VHS allowed viewers to pause and resume playback at any point. Furthermore, VHS tapes could be fast-forwarded or rewound and would automatically remember their position the next time they were played. This opened up a whole new world of flexibility for viewers, as they now had full control over the experience.

VHS tapes were also smaller and more compact than their competitors, making them easier to store, carry, and transport. They were available in a variety of lengths and even included a special version for high-definition television, called Super VHS or S-VHS. As technology evolved, JVC and other companies continued to refine their machines and tapes. They also introduced a range of smaller and less expensive devices such as MiniDV, Hi8, and more.

While the digital age has largely supplanted physical media, there’s something to be said for the charm of a well-worn VHS tape. Whether it’s a favorite film from childhood or a vintage slasher flick, the nostalgic appeal of a VHS collection can be hard to resist.


While many individuals may consider VCRs to be antiquated technology, these devices still remain a beloved memento of a time before the world was saturated with digital media. The familiar whir of the device’s motor and the sight of tracking lines scrolling across the screen bring back memories of childhood movie nights, family vacation videos, and lazy weekend afternoons spent binge-watching television. VCRs also provide an easy way to preserve personal video recordings, helping to ensure that cherished memories don’t disappear over time.

The first magnetic tape video recording systems were used in professional environments in the 1950s, but it wasn’t until the 1970s that these technologies became affordable for home use. VCRs were invented around this time, and it wouldn’t be long before the VHS format emerged as the dominant video tape standard. VHS would eventually win the “format war” against rival formats such as Betamax, which was backed by Sony, and several other tape standards.

One of the reasons for VHS’s success was its ease of use. The machine could be operated by anyone, regardless of technical knowledge. This made it a popular choice among consumers, but it also presented a challenge to the MPAA, which was concerned that home users could produce copies of store-bought movies. This led to the development of Macrovision, a system of coding that was designed to prevent this from occurring.

VHS also featured a unique recording mechanism that allowed for a higher-quality audio track than other formats. This was achieved by using a new, four-head tape transport that had two record and playback heads and two erase heads. This allowed for a high-density recording, and it was also able to playback in either mono or stereo.

In addition, the VHS format included a special feature called HI-FI that added better-quality sound to the original recording. This was accomplished by combining a noise reduction circuit with an FM demodulator to remove interference from the original signal.

Another reason for the decline of VCRs was the rise of digital technologies such as DVDs, which began to outsell them in the 1990s. As the popularity of DVDs increased, the number of VCRs dropped dramatically.

VHS tapes

VHS tapes may seem like a relic from the past, but these home movies and video recordings contain a wealth of information that can be invaluable to film archivists and historians. The key to unlocking this information lies in understanding the specific meanings of VHS Tape Labels, which are a complex combination of typography, color coding, and symbols. These labels are more than just stickers; they are a time capsule, reflecting the technology and culture of the era in which they were created.

The first VHS videocassette was released in 1976, and it became one of the most popular home movie formats of all time. The success of VHS was due to a variety of factors, including its longer recording time, which allowed users to record family vacations and special events without having to rewind the tape. It was also the first consumer-grade format to feature a standardized playback speed and a convenient, easy-to-use cassette case.

While VHS dominated the industry in the 1970’s, it did face competition from several other systems. Sony’s Betamax videotape system was a major rival, but it never captured the market as VHS did. Betamax was also more expensive than VHS, making it less affordable for consumers. Ultimately, JVC’s strategy of promoting the tape as a household device paid off, and VHS was able to hold on to its dominance for two decades.

A VHS tape is a small, rectangular plastic container with two spools that hold the supply reel and the take-up reel of the magnetic tape. The spools are held in place by a plastic housing that protects the magnetic tape and prevents it from unspooling during operation. There are also sensors to detect the beginning and end of the tape to avoid accidental disconnection from the supply reel. The sensor signals the tape to begin recording and also sends a signal to the VCR when the end of the tape is reached.

The VHS format was eventually replaced by the S-VHS format in 1987, which offered a higher vertical resolution and improved chrominance. However, the S-VHS format was not as widely used as its predecessor, and many consumers still have VHS tapes in their homes.

VHS collecting

VHS collecting has been quietly gaining popularity in recent years. While it may seem silly to some, there are plenty of people who treasure these old clunky tapes and consider them a part of their personal history. In fact, a handful of these classic films can be worth thousands of dollars. And that’s not even counting the rare or one-of-a-kind editions that can be found on the market.

The rise of social media has enabled VHS collectors to become more active in their hobby. This has also opened the door for new collectors who are just now discovering this fascinating resurgence. Some VHS collectors are strictly for profit, while others find the process of finding and acquiring rare tapes to be quite therapeutic.

Whether you’re just starting to collect VHS or have been a fan for decades, there’s no doubt that this trend will continue. And who knows, maybe some of these old clunky tapes stashed away in your closet could be worth some serious money!

Aside from the rare, valuable titles, there are a few other things that make VHS tapes worth a good bit of cash. The most obvious is the condition of the tape and its case or box. The better the condition, the more value it will have. For example, a sealed copy of Back to the Future could fetch upwards of $25k on auction sites. This makes it essential to keep your tapes in good shape, as they’ll only last so long before they start degrading or losing data, that’s why some transfer vhs to digital in order to preserve the contents better.

Other considerations include any special features or bonus material that may be included with the film. This includes trailers, behind-the-scenes footage, or special interview segments. These extras are a great way to add value to your collection, and they’re oftentimes overlooked by modern viewers.

Another thing to keep in mind is that the value of a tape depends on the version and format. While a standard NTSC release of a movie might be worth around $5, a Black Diamond edition from Disney or Warner Bros might be worth much more.

Creating Your Perfect Itinerary for New York

Getting around NYC can be daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. By choosing a hotel that’s within a reasonable walking distance of the subway (or other forms of public transport), you can save money and time by not having to take taxis.

Definitely make the time to pay your respects at the 9/11 Memorial and Museum. This is a powerful and moving experience that everyone should see.

Day 1

The first day of your 4 days in New York is all about dipping into Manhattan’s famous cultural offerings. We recommend starting your trip with one of New York’s world-renowned museums, such as the Met or Natural History Museum (book a skip-the-line pass to save time and money).

Alternatively, if you’re a history buff, the New York Public Library is another must-see, especially since it has the iconic lion statues that everyone takes photos with. After the museum, stroll through Bryant Park and take a moment to relax in this central NYC spot.

Next, head over to Hudson Yards to check out two of the newest and most Instagrammable spots in New York City: Vessel, which is a 154-story honeycomb-shaped structure, and the High Line, which is a mile long elevated park with dazzling skyline views.

Don’t forget to stop by a New York favorite: the infamous Shake Shack. This burger joint is better than In-N-Out any day, and it’s definitely a must-visit for any burger fanatic!

As you continue on your walking tour, make sure to keep an eye out for the Brooklyn Bridge. Once you cross over, you’ll be in Dumbo, or, as the locals call it, Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass (New Yorkers love acronyms).

For a final highlight of your first day in New York, walk over to the Empire State Building. There isn’t a more iconic skyscraper in the whole city, so be sure to take a few minutes out of your day to say hello to this stunning structure. To be in a better mood, cleaning your home in the New Year is a good way to start the year.

Day 2

It’s time to hit the streets of Manhattan on day two of your NYC itinerary. Start by strolling past the Flatiron Building—the city’s famous triangular skyscraper that is a must-see for visitors. You’ll find yourself staring up at it in awe, especially as you walk its narrowest point that’s just 6.5 feet wide!

Afterward, take in a classic New York attraction: the Statue of Liberty. You’ll need to arrive pretty early here if you want your own, other-people-free photo in front of the iconic statue, since it gets packed with tourists as soon as the sun rises. You’ll also want to check out nearby Madison Square Park, where you can see the iconic Flatiron Building.

On your way to Fifth Avenue, you’ll pass through the famous shopping street, where high-end boutiques line the sidewalks and famous attractions like Rockefeller Center—a must-visit during the holidays for its huge Christmas tree and ice-skating rink—are located. Make sure to check out Union Square, where you can stop by the famous Strand Bookstore if you’re a bibliophile (or simply want to see a unique NYC landmark).

If you’re hungry for a quick bite to eat, head to one of the many Instagram-worthy cafes that dot the city’s neighborhoods. You’ll find a lot of options here, from froyo and cookie dough to mini kebabs and even a rainbow-colored shake! Just be sure to note that a surprising number of these spots are cash-only.

Day 3

If you’re based in or around Midtown (and we really think you should be, see our where to stay guide for recommendations) your day will start with a pleasant stroll through one of NYC’s most surprising and chilled out places – the High Line. A former elevated rail line, it’s now a park in the sky where you can walk past native plants and trees while admiring the amazing architecture that surrounds it.

From here you’ll make your way to Rockefeller Center, home to stores like Lego and Nintendo as well as the famous ice-skating rink in winter. Then it’s time to take in some mind-blowing NYC views from the 100th, 101st and 102nd stories of the newly opened One World Observatory.

You’ll probably have to battle some crowds, but we guarantee you’ll be glad you made the effort. After all, the skyline of NYC is like no other, and there’s no better way to appreciate it than from the highest point in the city.

Next stop on your 3-day New York City itinerary will be Wall Street, the financial hub of the US that you’ll have seen in hundreds of Hollywood movies and TV shows. But be careful, New Yorkers move fast and don’t appreciate people stopping in the middle of the sidewalk, so just step to one side if you need to take photos or check your map.

Your last stop of the day should be in Manhattan’s Theater District for a Broadway show. Be sure to book ahead, though, as many of the best shows sell out months in advance. Luckily, there are plenty of affordable options in the city’s famous theater district, including Hamilton, Chicago, The Book of Mormon and Aladin.

Day 4

There’s a lot to see and do in NYC, so if you have the time, try to squeeze a few extra activities into your 4 days. Some ideas for this day:

Take a bus or train ride to Brooklyn and visit Williamsburg, one of New York’s most popular neighborhoods. This trendy ‘hood has lots of bars, restaurants, and views of Manhattan’s skyline. It’s also the home of Smorgasburg, a food-like festival that’s open Saturdays (closed in winter).

The Brooklyn Bridge is a must-see during your visit, and you can walk across it to admire the view from the other side. You’ll be able to see the Freedom Tower, Empire State Building, and Brooklyn Heights.

A trip to New York wouldn’t be complete without stopping at a famous bagel shop. You can’t go wrong with a classic lox and cream cheese bagel. But if that’s not your thing, there are plenty of other options to choose from, including poppy seed, cinnamon raisin, or a salty salmon with cream cheese bagel.

If you’re planning to see a Broadway show during your stay, consider having dinner in the Theater District on this day. Restaurants like Urban HAWKER, Capizzi, and Victor’s Cafe are all great choices for a pre-theatre meal.

New York is a city that’s always changing-restaurants, storefronts, and fads come and go at an incredibly fast pace. If you plan to see a museum, try to limit it to two or three so you don’t feel exhausted by the end of your NYC trip.

You could also take a cruise on the Hudson River to enjoy beautiful views of the city and eat a delicious dinner at the same time. This is a cool activity to do with a group of friends or even your significant other, and it’s perfect for sunset viewing.

Day 5

A lifetime in New York wouldn’t be enough to see everything this city has to offer-but a short trip can still have a huge impact. In this New York itinerary, you’ll find top things to do, yummy places to eat, super fun tours and tips for additional activities that can fill in your free days.

Begin your day with a walk over the Brooklyn Bridge. It’s a popular attraction, but you’ll have a much more peaceful experience if you arrive early before the crowds begin to gather. After your stroll, make your way to the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building, which are both incredibly impressive skyscrapers. Then head over to the 9/11 Museum, which is an extremely moving activity that will help you better understand what the people of New York are so proud of. It’s a bit somber, but you should visit it regardless of what your emotions are like.

You can also spend your afternoon walking through historic neighborhoods and soaking in culture via books, movies, and art. Or you can get some epic skyline views of Manhattan at the High Line, a modern park built on abandoned train tracks.

For a night out on the town, you can check out a comedy show at one of New York’s many clubs or attend Sleep No More, an immersive theatre experience based on Macbeth. If you prefer something more intimate, you could also catch a performance by an up-and-coming musical artist at the Apollo Theater.

If you’re looking to see a Broadway show, the theater district is located in Times Square. This is where you’ll find productions such as Hamilton, Lion King, Phantom of the Opera, and Wicked. You can also visit the New York Public Library for a fun, historic experience or try some of the trendy microbreweries that are popping up around the city.

Timeline for Event Planning From Concept to Execution

The first step is to dive deep into the client’s vision for their event. This can be done through in-person or virtual meetings.

The next phase is to break down the comprehensive event plan into essential tasks with their respective deadlines. This helps to prevent last-minute rushes and ensures that everything gets done correctly.

Identify Your Goals

Identifying your goals is an essential first step in the event planning process. This can be anything from an overall aim to a list of specific, measurable outcomes that will help measure the success of the event. Goals should be quantifiable and attainable—for example, a client may have a goal of raising awareness or connecting attendees with content, but it’s important to determine whether that is realistic given the current budget and audience size.

Once your goals are defined, it’s essential to create an objective roadmap for achieving them. This is where KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) come into play, which are specific metrics that will be used to evaluate the success of the event. These metrics could include feedback scores, event attendance, or even tangible results like the number of sales or leads generated at the event.

As you create your objectives, be sure to communicate them clearly with your team members. This will help ensure everyone has a clear understanding of their role and how it contributes to the bigger picture, which will reduce the likelihood that critical tasks are overlooked. Having a shared goal also helps to eliminate misunderstandings and prevents duplication of effort.

Define Your Objectives

Once you have a clear understanding of what the event goals are, the rest of the planning process should come together fairly easily. The budget, the theme, the key speakers and entertainment should all share a common factor that aligns with these goals. Thorough research can also help you understand what people are looking for in an event, as well as what types of strategies might work best to achieve these goals. Here is Special Events Photo Booths blog that might inspire you for your future events.

Once the objectives have been defined, it’s important to communicate them with any stakeholders who might be involved in the event. This is a great way to build trust and prove yourself as a leader, while also ensuring that all parties are on the same page regarding what the event objectives are.

The next step in the process is to create a comprehensive plan of action, which can be an outline, a project plan or another document that outlines the goals, milestones and essential resources. This should be broken down into smaller tasks, with each task containing specific details and timelines for completion. Regularly comparing your progress to the planned budget can help ensure that you’re not overspending and that the event will be successful.

Establish Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Once the overarching vision is established, it’s important to translate it into event objectives. These are the goals that will drive most of the planning details and must align with the client’s overall expectations. For instance, the client may want to introduce a new product, generate leads or strengthen brand awareness. Understanding these specifics will help determine the appropriate numbers, formats and other logistical considerations.

The next step is to establish the most relevant KPIs for tracking pre-event metrics, post-event outcomes and operational efficiency. These can range from qualitative indicators like feedback scores and attendee engagement to quantitative measurements such as revenue growth rates, ROI and lead generation.

Depending on the goal of an event, KPIs can also track digital body language such as email opening rates or clicks on registration links. This can give you an indication of the audience’s interest in your events and their demographic insights, which you can utilize for future marketing efforts. Another crucial aspect of KPIs is to ensure that all financial obligations are addressed promptly, including processing any pending payments to vendors and service providers. Doing so will demonstrate professionalism and accountability, which are both critical to fostering long-term relationships.

Define Your Tasks

Whether you’re planning a small workshop, a gala fundraiser or an intimate wedding, it is imperative to establish clear and actionable goals. Creating an event scope and translating your client’s vision into concrete objectives will significantly impact your subsequent planning decisions. This step will also allow you to establish a framework for financial planning and a timeline to ensure that all the pieces fall into place.

The next step in defining your tasks is to break down the comprehensive project into smaller, individual components. This could include everything from confirming the final guest list to coordinating with vendors on arrival times. By setting clearly defined deadlines, you can ensure that no detail is overlooked and that there are sufficient buffer periods for any unforeseen delays or adjustments.

It’s also crucial to maintain open communication with your clients throughout the process, scheduling regular check-ins and update meetings. This will help to reassure your client that you’re on the same page, as well as give them an opportunity to provide feedback and adjust their expectations. Finally, be sure to regularly track your expenses and compare them against your budgeted amounts. Doing so will allow you to identify areas for improvement and avoid unnecessary financial strain.

Define Your Deadlines

Event planning is all about the details, but it’s also about ensuring that these details align with your client or organization’s bigger goals. This is why it’s important to define the purpose of an event early on and use this as a framework for your event-related decisions.

This includes determining the total budget available for the event and establishing what can be realistically accomplished within that budget. It’s also critical to set a deadline for the event itself. This helps keep you on track and prevents any unnecessary delays.

Then, you’ll need to set up your team and determine the responsibilities and timelines associated with each task. This is where efficiency in communication can be the difference between a successful event and a failed one. Having a system in place for sharing files and discussing progress is essential, whether it’s a dedicated client portal, cloud folder or even an email thread.

It’s also important to set aside a contingency budget. As mentioned above, things don’t always go according to plan and having a buffer can help alleviate any financial stresses that might arise during the course of an event.

Define Your Resources

Whether planning an event for under ten as a training afternoon within your client’s workplace, a product launch with hundreds or thousands of attendees across several days, or an event that takes place at a major venue with multiple speakers and entertainers, it’s vital that all aspects of your project are well-coordinated. Creating a comprehensive event master plan can help you achieve this, detailing all the steps and timelines that lead up to your event.

It’s also important to establish a budget and allow for contingencies. Even the most seasoned planners will run into unexpected costs at some point, and it’s important to be prepared to handle these situations. This might mean rearranging seating plans or coordinating with vendors for unforeseen changes in schedules or weather conditions.

Effective marketing and attendee engagement strategies are also crucial for maximizing your event’s turnout and reception. In order to do this, you’ll need to create promotional materials that capture the essence of your event and resonate with your audience. This can include everything from captivating digital banners and social media posts to printed brochures or flyers. With proper planning and support from a platform like Releventful, you can elevate your event’s promotion with ease.

Identify Your Resources

The day of the event can be the most stressful time. Despite thorough planning, issues arise that you weren’t expecting, and handling them quickly and efficiently is essential for ensuring the success of your event. This is where improvising comes into play as you work to transform any unforeseen problems into minor hiccups rather than disasters. This requires a strong working relationship with your client to ensure that you are both aware of the financial limits of your event, and able to respond to changes in expectations or requirements in a timely fashion.

It’s also a good idea to establish a single platform for all communication with your client, whether it be a dedicated client portal on your website or a shared cloud folder. This will help to keep everyone organized and on the same page, reducing confusion and avoiding miscommunications.

Lastly, it’s important to identify all of the resources that will be required for your event. This will include direct costs (such as food and beverage, venue rental, entertainment and decorations), indirect costs (like travel, equipment rentals and marketing and promotional expenses), and staffing needs. Using accounting processes like activity-based costing can help to simplify these calculations for you.

The Liquid Glass Effect: Epoxy Floors in Modern Living

Epoxy floors are often associated with auto shops and commercial kitchens, but they’re growing in popularity for residential use as well. Their durability, design versatility, and low maintenance requirements make them an attractive choice for modern living spaces.

Weekly dust mopping and occasional wet mopping are usually all that’s needed to keep an epoxy floor looking pristine. Read on to learn more about this exciting new flooring trend.

Easy to Clean

An epoxy floor is a durable flooring option that requires minimal maintenance. Weekly dust mopping and vacuuming are all that is needed to keep the floors looking their best. This prevents abrasive particles from scratching the surface, and minimizes dirt buildup.

A micro fibre mop soaked in an acidic cleaner works well on epoxy flooring. Avoid using a soap and water solution on an epoxy floor because it can leave a slippery residue.

Unlike carpeted surfaces, epoxy can be easily wiped clean and doesn’t trap allergens, making it ideal for families with allergies. In addition, regular cleaning and care of the epoxy surface can help reduce the risk of stains or damage.

Epoxy is an excellent choice for garages and workshops because it’s a tough and durable surface that can resist chemical spills. It can even withstand the impact of heavy vehicles. However, it is important to use caution when working on the floor and protect it with plywood or welding mats to prevent damage.

There are many options for homeowners when it comes to choosing a decorative epoxy flooring system. While there are many standard colors to choose from, epoxy can also be formulated to create stunning three-dimensional effects. The pearlescent, metallic appearance of these floors can resemble flowing lava, ocean waves, or the shimmering surface of water.

This type of flooring is a great way to express your creativity and add a unique design element to your home. The possibilities are virtually limitless, and you can create a style that fits your personality perfectly. For example, you could opt for a marbleized effect to create a luxurious feel or go with a holographic image that makes the space appear larger.

Easy to Maintain

Epoxy floors are easy to maintain and durable. Regular sweeping and mopping can keep them in top condition. Weekly dust mopping gets rid of grit and other small particles that might scratch the epoxy coating. If you have a hard foam mop and use a cleaning solution of 4 to 6 ounces of clear ammonia per gallon of water, you’ll get a great result in cleaning your floor. The ammonia will cut through any residue from grease, soap, chemicals or other contaminants. Then you can rinse the floor thoroughly to get the remaining dirt and cleaner off of the floor surface. Rinsing your flooring regularly prevents it from becoming a breeding ground for bacteria, fungus and other harmful microbes. This is especially important in areas that are exposed to a lot of moisture, such as swimming pools and bathroom or shower stalls.

In areas where the use of harsh or abrasive chemicals is common, it’s imperative that any spills are wiped up immediately. If left unattended, these substances will etch and damage the epoxy coating. Regular cleaning will prevent stains and reduce the amount of time that it takes to restore your floors to their pristine state.

Epoxy is a versatile flooring option with limitless design possibilities. It can be formulated to give the appearance of stone, metal, wood or any other material that you would like your floor to look like. Inlays of quartz crystals, marble chips or other materials can create a unique flooring look that complements your living room or home office. With metallic epoxy, you can even create a 3D effect. This can be very striking and makes a space feel bigger.


Epoxy is a versatile material that can be formulated to produce many different effects. It can be sprayed on in thin coats to create a swirled look and can also be tinted to achieve specific color shades. It’s also possible to use vinyl flakes to add texture and color that is unique to your space. Decorative epoxy can be used in commercial spaces to transmit brand identity or to mark designated areas of the floor.

In addition to the aesthetic appeal of epoxy floors, they are extremely durable and resistant to chemicals. They can be used in warehouses, factories, and other large facilities to prevent damage from heavy machinery and vehicles. They are also impervious to sudden impact, slippage, and high temperatures. Unlike concrete, which can crack and break under pressure, epoxy flooring is strong and will not peel or chip under any conditions.

This durability makes them ideal for car shops, garages, and other residential and commercial spaces. They can stand up to foot traffic, automotive fluids, paint, oil, and other harsh chemicals. If any accidents occur, such as chemicals spilling, they are easy to clean and won’t damage the underlying floor surface.

Epoxy flooring can also be used in educational facilities, where it can help to encourage students and staff to interact with the environment around them. They are often used in hallways, cafeterias, and other common areas to create a more engaging environment for learners.

Proper concrete surface preparation is vital to ensuring that the epoxy adheres to the floor and can withstand constant wear and tear. Using a shot blaster to remove the top layer of concrete prior to applying the epoxy is recommended, as it will create a clean, smooth surface that can be easily wiped down and maintained.


There is no doubt that epoxy flooring is a durable material with the ability to transform interior spaces into stunning works of art. It offers a high level of customizability to suit every taste and space, and it comes in a range of eye-catching colors to match any décor.

Epoxy is also a highly reflective surface, which brightens the floor and helps illuminate large areas that don’t get much natural light. This can make warehouses and other commercial facilities look more welcoming and organized, while also improving safety and security.

As an added bonus, epoxy is a resilient and long-lasting material that can last for years with minimal maintenance. However, it is important to prepare the concrete correctly before applying an epoxy coating. It should be thoroughly cleaned and degreased to ensure that the resin makes a strong chemical bond with the concrete underneath.

Depending on the environment and the specific application, there are many different types of epoxy floors available. Some are designed to resemble marble, while others have an elegant metallic finish. Others feature speckles of mica or quartz to create a more decorative appearance that also improves traction.

In addition to these popular options, there are also a number of unique and creative designs that can be applied to epoxy floors. These can include anything from intricate patterns to 3D elements that create a truly immersive experience. This type of flooring can be particularly beneficial in museums, visitor centers, and other indoor entertainment venues.

When installed correctly by a professional, epoxy floors are visually appealing and can make any room feel more spacious and bright. They are easy to maintain and can be customized to meet any style, making them a great option for homes and businesses alike.

Aesthetically Pleasing

If you want a flooring solution that is not only functional but also beautiful, epoxy is the way to go. These floors are available in a wide range of colors and finishes that allow you to create a unique look that will enhance your living space. You can even add inlays or patterns to the floor for a truly one-of-a-kind design. Metallic epoxy is particularly popular, as it can make a statement and be designed to resemble molten metal or natural stone.

Another great thing about epoxy is that it does not stain. While other types of floors may be stained by spills, chemicals or other messes, epoxy is incredibly resistant to these elements and remains bright and clean with little maintenance. Regular sweeping and a periodic mopping with mild detergent is all that is needed to keep your epoxy floors looking their best.

Additionally, epoxy is highly reflective and instantly makes any room appear larger and brighter. This is a huge benefit, especially in small spaces where you want to open up the space and make it feel bigger and more inviting. Unlike tile or concrete, epoxy does not have any seams that can show dirt or discoloration, which means you will never need to worry about your floors looking dirty or worn down.

If you’re considering upgrading your home, seamless epoxy floors are a great choice. Not only are they aesthetically pleasing and easy to maintain, but they can also boost your property value. They are a durable, long-lasting flooring option that can stand up to the heavy foot traffic and other wear and tear that comes with a busy family life. If you’re ready to make the switch, contact a professional epoxy flooring contractor today at their location in Pembroke Pines.

Why Millennials Should Start Investing in a Gold IRA

A Gold IRA is an excellent way for young investors to diversify their portfolio, hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty and secure a comfortable retirement nest egg.

Learn all about investing in precious metals within a tax-preferred IRA, including fees, benefits, pitfalls, eligibility, and rollover information by downloading your free gold investor kit today!


Diversification is one of the most common investment principles. It’s often summarized by the phrase, “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” The idea is to spread out the risk of losing money on any one investment. This protects against losses, and may even lead to better overall returns when considering the risk-adjusted returns of your portfolio.

Financial experts typically recommend diversification both within and across asset classes. This means investing in a variety of stocks, for example, from small, medium and large companies, as well as different sectors (technology, consumer, healthcare, etc.). It also means spreading your investments out by geographical location, security duration and the issuers of bonds you own.

This can be a daunting task for investors. And it’s important to remember that there are no guarantees that your diversified portfolio will protect against losses. In addition, your individual risk tolerance may change over time, and your asset allocation should reflect this.

Investing in precious metals is a great way to add diversification to your retirement savings. However, you should be aware that precious metals are not liquid, and can take a while to transfer from your IRA account. In addition, a gold IRA will usually incur more fees than other IRA accounts. This includes setup and transaction fees, custodial fees and physical asset storage costs.

Despite these downsides, diversification remains a crucial aspect of an investment strategy. And a gold IRA can be an excellent vehicle for this purpose. Just be sure to consider the other rules of your IRA, including contribution limits, taxes and penalties for withdrawing prior to age 59 1/2. You should also consult with a registered investment advisor to discuss your specific circumstances and risk tolerance.

Hedging Against Inflation

Inflation is a natural occurrence in market economies, but it can eat away at the purchasing power of your savings over time. Adding an inflation hedge to your portfolio can help protect you from the effects of inflation, especially if you are nearing retirement or already in retirement and rely on the funds in your accounts for income.

Gold is a popular inflation hedge investment, but it’s important to keep in mind that physical gold bars and coins can be difficult to sell and hard to store. For that reason, it makes more sense to invest in gold ETFs and mutual funds, which offer lower fees and more liquid trading options. In addition, many financial experts prefer Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) as an inflation hedge.

TIPS are similar to regular Treasury bonds, but they pay a fixed interest rate that increases with inflation. They’re offered at competitive and noncompetitive auctions with maturities of five, 10, and 30 years. However, TIPS are more volatile than stocks and can be a poor choice for retirees.

Real estate investment trusts and other real estate-related investments are another great option for investors seeking to hedge against inflation. Because these types of investments are tied to tangible assets, they tend to appreciate in value when inflation rises.

Stocks can also be an excellent inflation hedge. Historically, the stock market has delivered average annual returns that are significantly higher than the inflation rate, which helps to maintain the purchasing power of your savings.

Another way to hedge against inflation is to diversify your global stock holdings. This can help you weather inflationary pressures from one country by exposing you to different economic cycles.

Inflation can be a serious problem for any investor, particularly those on fixed incomes who rely on their savings to cover living expenses. By adding an inflation-hedged asset class to your IRA, you can help ensure that your investments will continue to provide the purchasing power you need to live comfortably.


Adding a precious metal to your retirement portfolio offers diversification and helps hedge against inflation. As the US experiences a new 40-year inflation high, more and more consumers are reassessing their financial priorities and looking for stable places to park their money in times of economic uncertainty. You can learn here the original story about gold on money that might help you with your decisions.

One way that some investors are doing this is by opening a gold IRA, also known as a self-directed individual retirement account (SDIRA). These accounts allow you to hold physical gold or other precious metals in your retirement account. They can be set up as traditional IRAs, which use pretax funds, or Roth IRAs, which use post-tax funds. In either case, annual contributions are capped by the IRS.

To invest in a Gold IRA, first you need to find a reputable custodian that specializes in precious metals. American Bullion partners with reliable custodians that can help you open a gold-focused SDIRA or transfer your current 401(k), traditional or Roth IRA into a Gold IRA. Their experts can guide you through each step of the process and ensure your Gold IRA is properly structured to comply with IRS regulations.

Once your Gold IRA is established, you can begin investing in the metals of your choice. You may choose to buy a physical coin, bar or bullion from a dealer who offers an IRA-approved product or you can purchase IRS-approved precious metals stocks and ETFs. In both cases, your investments will benefit from the same tax advantages of an IRA.

While a precious metals IRA can be a smart addition to your retirement portfolio, it is important to keep in mind that these investments typically yield lower returns than other more risky investment options. Additionally, precious metals IRAs require significant storage and insurance costs that can add up over time. For these reasons, it is best to consider a Gold IRA as an added element of your portfolio rather than as a primary investment vehicle. To learn more about the benefits of a gold-focused IRA or to get started, request a free kit from American Bullion. This kit will provide information on how to select a trusted custodian, open your own gold IRA and make your first investments.

Tax-Free Withdrawals

The IRA’s rules allow individuals to invest in physical precious metal coins and bars, avoiding the high custodial fees associated with paper assets like stocks and mutual funds. This option is available for traditional and Roth retirement accounts, and millennials can use it to diversify their portfolios.

This is particularly important because of the current state of the global economy and rising inflation rates, which can quickly erode savings held as fiat currency or other investments that are exposed to stock market volatility. Unlike many paper-based investments, gold is considered to be relatively immune to these types of economic challenges, and it’s often seen as a valuable counterbalance for volatile assets in an overall investment portfolio.

In fact, a 2023 Gallup poll found that 26% of Americans name gold as their preferred long-term investment choice. Compared to the 15% who chose real estate, this is quite a significant shift in investor sentiment. In general, investors seek stability when choosing an investment strategy. Gold and silver, with their track records of reliability, are seen as an ideal way to achieve this goal.

Unlike most other retirement account assets, which are subject to capital gains taxes when you withdraw money, gold is exempt from these rules. However, when you want to liquidate your Gold IRA, you’ll likely face high cash-out costs because most dealers will be willing to pay less than what the gold is selling for on the open market. Unless you have a trusted tax professional, it’s wise to consult one before making this type of withdrawal.

Whether you’re looking to invest in gold and silver for the first time or add these precious metals to your existing retirement plan, it’s important that you choose the right custodian and dealer. Make sure you’re working with an experienced company and that the gold or silver you purchase is IRA-approved. The IRS’ list of approved metals includes 1, 1/2, 1/4, and one-tenth ounce U.S. Treasury-minted gold coins, along with platinum and palladium. You’ll also need to ensure that your chosen gold is a legal tender coin that complies with the IRA’s minimum purity standards.

Psychology of Deception: A PI’s Perspective

In the wake of notorious studies such as Milgram’s obedience experiment and Zimbardo’s prison study, researchers have weighed the pros and cons of deception in research. Despite the ethical concerns, some psychologists use deception to achieve authentic reactions from their participants.

Researchers are cataloging clues that liars may give off, such as facial expressions and verbal and written language. They’re also developing software that can spot dishonesty.


Deception encompasses any attempt to mislead another, either by telling a complete falsehood or by distorting the truth. It can involve both verbal and nonverbal actions, and it may be direct or indirect. Deception can be as simple as omitting a detail from a conversation or as complex as using propaganda, sleight of hand and distraction techniques. Deception also includes attempting to falsify emotions or hiding experienced ones, such as when you tell your sister that you really did not enjoy her surprise birthday party.

People often engage in deception to achieve personal gain or avoid negative consequences. However, research has shown that lying can lead to feelings of loneliness or isolation. In fact, the more you lie, the fewer close relationships you feel, and the more you worry about being caught. This is probably because it requires a great deal of cognitive resources to remember and construct false statements, control emotions and manage information.

For researchers, deception can be an essential tool to get the results they need. However, it is important to be transparent with participants about the reasons why they are being deceived, and to discuss the risks and benefits of participating in the study. When possible, deception should only be used when other methods are not feasible or have been ruled out due to ethical considerations.

The goal of psychological research is to understand human behavior. To achieve this, it is often necessary to manipulate participants’ perceptions of the experiment. This can be done by concealing the purpose of the study, or by misleading participants about how the experiment will be conducted. Deception is a valuable tool in psychological research, but it must be carefully planned and executed to ensure the integrity of the data.

Researchers who plan to use deception should make sure that their methods are thoroughly vetted by others in the field before implementing them. It is also important to give participants a thorough debriefing after the experiment has been completed, which should include information about the study’s purposes and procedures, how and why deception was used, rights to withdraw from the research and its implications for them, confidentiality, and contact information for addressing any emotional distress.


There is a great need to develop methods that will help people identify deception in their interactions with others. This is particularly true for law enforcement professionals and in private investigations who frequently interact with suspects and witnesses in high-stakes situations, such as when interviewing a person about an alleged crime or witnessing terrorist activity.

One of the main challenges is that liars have perfected their techniques over time to make it more difficult for investigators to distinguish between truth and lies. Fortunately, several studies of lying behavior have revealed that there are recognizable cues. These behavioral signals can be detected in the form of microexpressions or inconsistent facial expressions, nonverbal behaviors, and even in the content of verbal statements via statement analysis.

Another challenge is that a person who is lying can conceal a great deal of their information from the examiner by changing the phrasing of their words and by making use of non-word sounds, such as silence or humming. Therefore, it is necessary to find ways to analyze the linguistic characteristics of verbal communication in order to detect deception.

Researchers have conducted a great deal of research in the area of detecting deception, especially when dealing with asynchronous and computer-mediated communications. Generally, it is easier to detect deception in face-to-face interactions since the sender can be influenced by the physical body language and gestures of the receiver. However, a number of recent studies have found that it is possible to detect deception in written and spoken words by using text-based models of the linguistic features associated with honest and dishonest communication.

These models have been developed by comparing linguistic characteristics of the sender during honesty and deception, and the recipient during their awareness of deception and ignorance of it. This type of research is important because it suggests that a person can hide aspects of their lie in the context of a conversation, and that these hidden patterns can be used to detect deception.

For example, a study of synchronous computer-mediated communication has shown that senders of lies tend to be less descriptive and use more 1st person pronouns than truthful people. The liars also tend to use more emotional words and avoid causal terms such as “because” or “hence”. These lexical characteristics can be hidden from the receiver by the fact that a person can change their linguistic style during a conversation.

Deception Mechanisms

Whether it is telling the truth or lying, there are some specific cognitive processes involved in deception. For example, liars have to keep track of what they’re saying, and also think about how their audience is reacting. They may use linguistic cues, such as repetition and filler words, to make their story seem more authentic and truthful. In addition, they may try to mask their nervousness or fear by using self-soothing behaviors, such as touching their face or rubbing their hands together.

One of the most important aspects of a skilled interrogator is noticing these cues in the subjects’ behavior and body language. They should be attentive to the subject’s reactions, looking for signs of restricted body movements (the freeze response), negative affect (chin withdrawal or compressed lips), and self-soothing behavior. The interrogator should be patient and respectful while asking questions, and avoiding making any assumptions about what the subject is telling them.

Research has shown that there are ways to manipulate the environment in order to increase deception detection rates, such as by introducing a time delay between interviews or changing the interviewer’s reaction to an answer. However, these manipulations are not foolproof and can have unintended consequences. For example, the time delay in some studies can actually benefit liars by slowing down the rate of memory decay for their false stories, as they are forced to recall their lies at a later date.

Another method for increasing the effectiveness of a deception experiment is by artificially increasing the cognitive load of the subject, which is expected to be more detrimental to liars than to truth tellers. For example, if an investigator asks participants to recount their story in reverse chronological order, they will be forced to think harder about what they are saying, which is expected to cause more verbal and nonverbal cues of deception.

Although some past forms of experimental deception have arguably violated human dignity, current research suggests that relatively benign methods of manipulating participants in order to enhance external validity do not pose significant psychological harm to those participants. Moreover, even seemingly potent interpersonal manipulations that rely on a researcher’s dishonest conduct to control the behavior of participants appear to be mitigated by the proper use of a funnel debriefing procedure, which informs participants about the purpose and procedures of a study, how and why deception was used, their right to withdraw from the research, and the benefits of participation as well as resources for addressing any emotional distress.


The effects of deception may be seen in different ways. One way is through perspective-taking. The notion is that a person who deceives must take into account the perspectives of others in order to manage their verbal or nonverbal messages (see Premack and Woodruff 1978). This involves understanding how other people will perceive one’s actions. For example, a poker player might raise a bet even though they have a bad hand of cards because they know that other players will interpret this action as indicating they have a good hand of cards. Another theory of deception is through mimicry, which involves unconscious deception by similarity to another organism or to a natural object. Animals often use this strategy to evade predators or to attract prey.

Some researchers have found that deception can lead to a loss of trust in the liar. For example, a study in which participants were told to tell lies during a conversation with an acquaintance found that those who lied reported less closeness to their conversational partner than those who told the truth. This finding was mediated by a deceiver’s distrust of their conversational partner, suggesting that lies decrease feelings of closeness and trust by making the receivers suspicious of their senders.

Research has also shown that the tendency to lie can be influenced by personality and morality. For example, the tendency to lie decreases with age, and a higher level of altruism is associated with the ability to distinguish between self-serving and vindicative lies. The use of deception in psychological research is controversial and must be carefully considered by researchers. It is important to remember that the purpose of deception in psychological experiments is not to trick participants into submitting to an antisocial experiment but rather to achieve authentic reactions and feedback. Deception also allows researchers to prevent participants from knowing the purpose or expected outcome of an experiment.

The use of deception in psychology is strictly regulated by professional bodies like the American Psychological Association. Researchers are required to have a good reason for using deception and must ensure that the research is ethical and that participants understand the reasons for their participation. In addition, researchers must be aware of the potential for participants to feel distressed or emotionally traumatized as a result of being deceived.