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Choosing a pencil or a paintbrush isn’t as easy as it sounds for every tool has its unique effect. To simplify the difficulty of choosing which paint brush to use, it would be a great idea if you decide to categorize them into two distinctions: the shape, and the type of hair of the paint brush.
To help you more on choosing which paint brush to use, here are tips that can help you:
Type of Hair
There are two types of hair: bristle, and sable. Both kinds come in various sizes and shapes and are either made from synthetic fiber or natural animal hair. Ideally, bristles are used for rougher marks, and sables are for smoother ones.
Bristle brushes are made out of stronger, thicker, and rougher hair for they originally come from animals such as wild hogs; however, brushes that are made from synthetic bristles are now prevalent. Bristle brushes are ideal for specific purposes for they can hold a lot of paint.
Bristle marks tend to produce paint strokes that can be visible. Most people use this feature for it adds texture and variety to paintings, and create drawing type marks due to their durability and stiffness.
Generally made of softer and finer hair, sable brushes are ideal for blending edges and producing softer and subtler marks. Sable brushes that are small are also good for adding more details and finishing touches.
Sables produce very clean marks, with paint strokes that are virtually hidden. Painters usually use sables when they want to produce airbrush-like marks for blending and to achieve a more “realistic” effect in paintings.
Three Paint Brush Shapes
One way to categorize paint brushes is by their shape; the three basic shapes are filbert, flat, and round -all of which come in both sable and bristle hair, and also in different sizes.
Shaped like sharp teardrops, round brushes are usually used to make drawing-like marks. Most painters usually use round brushes to draw first, then proceed to use larger round brushes to fill bigger areas.
Flat brushes possess a rectangular shape and produce square shaped marks. They can make chisel-like lines too, especially when utilizing a flat sable brush. Most painters use flat brushes to model form, define planes, and form a figure in a painting.
Filbert brushes are, generally, a combination of both flat and round brushes. Filberts possess the rectangular shape like a flat brush, but also have a point like a round brush. Due to the nature of their shape, filberts can produce different marks.
Round Bristle and Sable Brush Marks
Round bristle marks resemble those of a pencil, that’s why most artists use them whenever they want to draw or make hatching marks. Round sable marks, on the other hand, are often used to blend edges and create finer details.
Flat Bristle and Sable Brush marks
Flat bristle brushes create square-shaped marks and visible paint strokes that are usually used for painting planes on forms. Flat sable paint brushes can create square-shaped marks, but with cleaners edges.
Filbert Bristle and Sable Brush Marks
Here are some examples of marks made by filbert bristle brush
Filbert brushes can produce various marks because of their versatility. From creating variety and texture, drawing edges and marks, and blending, filberts can cater to a painter’s preference and usage.
Usually, larger brushes are flat-shaped and are made from bristle mainly because bristle can hold more paint. Large brushes are common uses when painting large areas, or for applying varnish and gesso.
Small Detail Brushes
Small brushes come in a variety of sizes and are almost always sables for they can preserve their stiffness and shape well. Small brushes are generally used for adding details and for blending edges.
To help you more in sorting your brushes, it is better if you get familiar with your tools in a sense that you sort them according to how you need and use them. For example, you can sort some of your brushes for blending, for adding details, or even for outdoor and landscape painting. What’s important is that you customize and personalize the way you arrange and sort them to maximize comfort and ease when painting.
Even if you already have all the necessary tools, set up your own space of work, and ready to start your journey in making art; it is still essential to be familiar and knowledgeable about the fundamental techniques in painting to aid you in creating your masterpiece.
Below are seven essential techniques that can help you in making yourself the best artist in no time.
When using slow-drying paints, try working the paint up from thin to thick. Creating an underpaint can be useful when it comes to establishing shadows and values. The best, most suitable medium would probably be acrylics for they are permanent and are quick to dry. In the same manner, work up to highlights as you add the brightest paint at the end.
Brushes come in a wide variety of shapes and types, providing you with different results and outputs. The idea is that you try them all as your paint, for you to have an understanding on which brush to use for a specific effect or usage. Filbert brushes are generally suitable for blocking in form and paint.
Building Up Texture
Use a dry, flat brush to create a smooth transition, and for blending your paint. Most artists use a lot of texture and prefer to have visible brush marks. There are also ready make texture media such as sand, eggshells, and other items that can add interest to a painting.
Dry brushing is a method where you apply a color that only partially covers a layer of paint that just previously dried out. This method usually works best whenever you apply light paint over dark areas.
Removing paint can be as important as applying it
Taking paint off can be as vital as applying it. Sgraffito is the term for the method of scratching away paint while it is still wet to reveal the underpainting. This method is useful when it comes to depicting hair, scratches, and the like.
This is the process of laying a coat of transparent medium over a dry part of the work and is usually used for adding more contrast for shadows and modulation of color.
Painting with Mediums
Fluids that can be added to paint to modulate its drying time, texture, and consistency are called mediums. When it come to acrylics, you can have different mediums that can produce a matte or gloss finish.
The humble pencil is a versatile and ubiquitous tool for drawing. There are several significant considerations when choosing your ideal pencils to get the most out of it.
Thus, these tips would offer a sound foundation for amateurs and several handy reminders for more professional artists, whether you are a seasoned professional or just learning how to draw.
The Shakespearean Question
“2B or not 2B?” Choosing the correct pencil grade for your drawing would help you generate the ideal possible sketch. Graphite pencils are available in a hardness scale from 9B (dark, soft) to 9H (pale, hard), with F and HB in the middle of the range.
Usually, the B grades are appropriate sketching pencils, while the H grades are appropriate for technical drawing.
Sharpening the Pencil
Several drawings need a sharp and fine point for pinning down a line that’s crisp. Some require a flat and broad side to the lead of the pencil for blocking in tone. A blunt point often could serve your purposes.
Whatever your preferences are, be sure that you always bring with you your sharpener. Be sure that it’s sharp and that you have few with you if you go out to draw if you utilize a normal handheld sharpener. Usually, a desk-mounted helical sharpener would last much longer and grinds your pencil to a point that is much longer. Always cut away from your body if you utilize a craft knife.
Obtain the Ideal Pencil Hold
Various pencil holds are appropriate to various marks. Experiment with various methods to grip the pencil as you draw. Also, work out best grips for various methods of mark making. It is significant to consider where you’re making your mark from – shoulder, wrist, or fingers?
Consider the Lines
The type of mark you create would greatly affect the look and feel of your pencil drawing. Give few consideration to the speed at which you create it when you create a mark. In addition to that, consider the weight that you put into your stroke. A lightly drawn line is exploratory and pale; a heavy line is definite and dark.
Try to avoid feathery and uncertain marks when you’re starting out.
Blind Contour Drawing
The 1st exercise, called the “blind contour drawing”, is a playful and popular exercise that helps you to unselfconsciously draw, making marks that are bold without feeling anxious about the results.
In front of you, set up a subject and fix your eyes on the top, place your pencil on the paper. Trace your eye around the subject without looking down at the paper. It should follow its contours and edges. Also, let the pencil follow the same method on the paper as you do so.
Draw in an unbroken and single line and do not look back at your drawing until you’re done. It would look disproportioned and strange. Well, it’s supposed to be like that. Regularly repeat the exercise as a warm up.
There is an unreasonable charm about oil painting that has placed a few artists off from discovering them If you are aware of the correct techniques for oil painting, this medium provides beautiful surface textures and richness of color. You can paint thin or thick, use glazes or paint directly. Oils can be utilized on wood, paper, plastic, metal, canvas and much more types of surfaces.
If you are just beginning to explore this medium, do not be overwhelmed. You have to be patient with yourself and know that it will take some time for you to get used to this great medium. However, you must not overcomplicate things either. The following are 5 major essentials you will need to paint using oils.
There are a ton of colors to select from, however begin with a primary palette that incorporates the spectrum to provide you a great mix of cool and warm hues. The majority of art materials are sold in approximately 2 grades: professional and student. If possible, you can buy professional-grade materials due to the fact that the paint goes further and it almost stays longer. Moreover, pro-grade oils has more pigment, resulting to more accurate mixing of colors, and more sunlight-resistant.
Wide range of brushes
The wide variety of brushes that you can utilize for oil painting can be overwhelming and confusing. Hog bristle brushes are not too expensive and it is quite versatile. It also enables you to use it on different applications. Meanwhile, finer-haired brushes, both synthetic and natural, can create very fine details and provide you an even smoother finish.
You will require a palette for your paint. This can be a handheld wood palette, a clean tabletop or a piece of glass that can be scraped clean easily. Regardless of what you utilize, select something that is quite large for you to mix the colors easily and that can be utilized ergonomically.
A surface to paint
Canvas, wood and linen are the most typical surfaces to paint on. You will have to prime the surface with a ground or gesso to avoid the acids on the paint from becoming directly in contact with it. Acrylic gesso is simple to utilize and it can be used with a roller or a brush.
A comfy easel
You have to select an easel that is ideal for your preferred style when it comes to painting. A solid easel is essential so that your work is safe, stable and it will stay at great working height as you paint. You can buy larger H-frame style studio models– which are made to stay in situ–, a portable metal tri-pod style or a folding French-style field easels.
There are several lighting aspects that you have to consider for you to transport form. The terminator line is one of the most beneficial fundamental.
The terminator line is the switching zone between the light areas and shadow areas. The shadow’s darker part will start directly after the terminator line finishes. Until it meets a secondary source of light, it would look as a dark gradating band. In this situation, the secondary light source will be a bounce light. A bounce light happens the moment you main key light hits the other surface and bounces back on the subject. When you like to know more how to draw people, this is a typical lighting option for figure drawing while it clearly defines form.
The terminator line would be more gradual once your key light becomes softer. Moreover, surface texture will be more obvious in this part. Frequently, textures lose their visibility in the shadows but turns out to be more defined on surfaces which are well-lit. At the mid-value range, the textures—like the terminator—will frequently be the strongest. Moreover, once you add a darker band to the highlight edge segregates lighting clearly and it will convey a greater sense of solidity and form. Also, it will look more aesthetically pleasing.
Add a terminator line
As seen most of the figure drawings, a terminator is beneficial to quickly develop forms. The terminator line is the dark band that looks between 2 light’s meeting sources. After you sketch in the silhouette and outline of your figure, you can add the terminator line to separate the area and the main light source of the shadow. This is a great approach since its very time efficient and quick to use.
Add parallel lines
You can block in the shadow area with the terminator in place and you can use thick parallel hatching lines in the background as well. Separating the shadow and light in this easy way can help in defining the shape and imply forms immediately. Also, filling in the background can give you the chance to lose edges in the shadows and pull your focus back into essential areas.
Add details and refine
Now that the lighting has been defined on your figure, you can start in adding smaller details and start refining values. Considering to keep bounce light, most of the shadow values do not go darker compared to the terminator. Utilizing a blending stump you can smooth gradients easily and soften forms. You can also add texture to the character through utilizing cross-hatching and break up some empty spaces that unnecessary.
Pastel as a medium for creating art has been used by artists for many years because of its ability to produce vibrant colors and its portability. Aside from that, it can be used with ease and creates a very distinct output due to the medium’s nature.
Pastels come in the form of a stick, consists of a binder and a pure powdered pigment. The pigments that can be found in pastels are the same as the ones that can be found in all colored art media even oil paints; the binder is of hue saturation.
Tips on dealing with pastels:
When transporting, soft pastel sticks tend to become dusty or dirty, so it would be a good idea if you carry a cloth to wipe them off before you proceed to draw. Working on a toned surface instead of pure white might make it generally easier for you to work on. You can purchase toned paper, or you can tone it on your own using a watercolor or an acrylic wash. To avoid and prevent blends and smudges when using pastels as your medium, you can use a fixative on that area; however, you should be careful in using the fixative for it can make the vibrancy dull and dark.
To help you choose the best pastels from a huge variety, here are some tips:
All Pastels Are Not Equal
Not every pastel is the same with every other pastel. Soft pastels are easy to blend for they have a buttery feel as its texture. Hard pastels and pastel pencils, on the other hand, are great for adding detail. Oil pastels have a binder, which makes it less opaque if compared to soft pastels, and they don’t easily get smudged. The latest water-soluble pastes provide semi-transparent washes whenever water is being brushed over them.
Smudging and Layering
Instead of a medium that is usually blended on a palette, pastels are blended on the art surface. A lot of colors can be created by layering and smudging the pastel. Blending is usually done by crosshatching, or through pointillism. It can also be done by smudging different tools such as cotton or brushes.
Choose Your Surface
Ideally, when you’re using pastels, you should select an art surface that has tooth or texture. If it is too smooth, the pastels won’t stick to the surface. Also, you should also see if the paper or material is pH-neutral. If it is not acid-free, it changes the color and causes brittleness. One of the best picks is watercolor paper, canvas, pastel paper and sand board.
Pastel Pencils and Oil Pastels
Pastel pencils come in a “lead” form to provide its user with ease of control. Ideally, pastel pencils are used to create fine details and rendering. Oil pastels, on the other hand, have an oil binder which provides it a thick color, but it doesn’t smudge and blend like soft and hard pastels.
Water Soluble Pastel
Water-soluble pastels can be utilized like a normal soft pastel, except that you also have the choice to create watercolor-like effects using a brush and water. Water-soluble pastels can provide you a great variety of artistic effect.
Gessoing is an art technique that is used to prepare a panel in a manner that it will be suitable for painting. The whole process only takes a few things to prepare and to do and is very easy to prepare, given that you already have the necessary materials and tools.
Smoothen The Surface
Prepare your panel for the gesso. Most people use an extra-fine sanding block for the surface, then proceed with the process by wiping the residue with a damp sponge. You can opt for a panel that is already smooth on both sides with panels that are pre-cut to standard frame size.
Spread The Gesso
To apply the gesso, you can use a grooved adhesive spreader or a toothed kind, and make sure that the whole panel is covered equally. Make sure that the whole panel is equally covered for it is vital for the next and final step. It is also vital that you choose a gesso that is of good quality.
Smooth The Gesso
To smooth the gesso, you can use a taping knife. Start by pulling it first in a single direction across the panel, and then proceed to the opposite direction. Make sure to apply just enough pressure for you to smoothen the surface; otherwise you’ll scrape all of the applied gesso.
Allow me to share some fundamental things you have to know about starting as an artist as a pastime or in the art business. I’m the same as you, trying to discover new interests and hobbies. Among my hobbies are drawing and Art. Below are five primary techniques to start your art hobby:
Tip one: Get the standard Supplies to start Out! – When planning to start out, you will need all of the items you need! Get the necessities like a sketchbook, paint, erasers, pencils, etc. and markers. Anything you think you have to use for The area of yours of art. I began with a Gigantic sketchbook, markers, erasers, colored pencils, and crayons.
Tip two: Take Some Art Classes or even get Drawing books – This’s the sole method to get much better. When you would like to as draw specific conditions, there are a lot of books that are different from how you can draw like horses, automobiles, cartoon characters and whatever else you can imagine! Or even in case your not that person type to teach yourself (Like me), take an art technique class. I began taking art classes after 6th grade, and I enjoyed the point I got to picture things and set it on paper! Many art classes have an extensive perspective on art. Nevertheless, every step in these items takes effort and time. Don’t rush.
Tip three: Get That PRACTICE! And Pencil – After studying all of the items you have to learn about drawing from the how-to-draw publications or maybe art classes in chicago, next move is trying it out there see what you learned. Practice makes perfect.
Tip four: Keep going – In case you love it as much as this point, perhaps keep going! You’ve to continue pressing for everything you want! Take it further, and perhaps it can be a profession for you! This class might help enable you to get better at your design and allow it to become reality. I am going to continue taking Art in school that is high since it interests me and also its something I love.
Tip five: Enjoy it and Enjoy – You cannot remain sincere in the interest of yours! You can furthermore deal with playing around with art. Be creative. Your art is exactly what you are making it be! I strive every day attempting to find something interesting in the interest of mine in art and so are you able to!
Here are painting secrets that can help you save a great deal of money, time, and effort while making any paint job more incredible:
Use Tinfoil on your Paint Tray
Whenever you need to cover your paint tray, use a layer of tinfoil for it is much convenient and comfortable when it comes to disposing of – you have to remove it and throw it away.
Use a Paint Pour Lid
Your paint tray can get messing whenever you pour paint straight from the gallon; thus, it might be a great idea if you get a paint pour lid to avoid having paint in places where you don’t want them.
Use Vinegar and Hot Water
When cleaning your brushes, use vinegar and hot water. Fill a small bowl with equal parts of both vinegar and hot water, soak your paint brushes for at least 30 minutes, and wash them with soap afterward.
Use Mineral Spirits
When using oil-based medium, the vinegar trick might not work. Instead, try using mineral spirits in cleaning your brushes. There are available products in the market that can help you clean your brushes while maintaining their quality.
Buy a Paint Sample Instead of Buying Directly a Gallon
It might save you costs if you decide to buy a paint sample and test it, instead of buying a whole gallon and find out that it doesn’t work too well with what you are expecting.
Create Your Chalk Paint
Chalk paint is a great time saver for it is a type of paint that adheres very well. Aside from that, it also saves you the hassle of having to prime. To make your version, you can use plain interior paint mixed with other ingredients that best suits your preference. Just mix and combine your ingredients thoroughly and evenly.
Correct Type of Clear Coat Finish
Some coat finish can affect the layer of color that you want to coat or even yellow over as time passes by. Whenever you choose a top coat, it is vital to be careful so as not to regret over the after effects. There are available products in the market that come in a wide variety to help you choose the best top coat.
Create any Color Paint into Fabric Paint
Fabric paint can be easily achieved whenever your mix any textile medium with any acrylic paint.
Update Your Metallic Accents
There are products and material available in craft stores that can provide you better metallic finishes and effects.
One of the easiest and fastest ways to get things done when it comes to recoloring things is to use spraypainting. From recoloring and covering colors, there are different types and kinds of spray paints that can aid you in this purpose.
Sketching and drawing is an extraordinary method to enhance your imaginative aptitudes and begin thinking in an unexpected way. Art demonstrates to you that there is regularly in excess of one approach to tackle an issue. Art supports open finished reasoning and imagination. These can be extremely useful for self-awareness and taking care of issues. Abilities you learn through sketching can be connected in various distinctive regions throughout your life. Listed below are a few tips which will surely help you to draw sketches perfectly:
When shading, utilize an additional bit of paper underneath your hand. This will limit the sum your hand smears your pencil lines. In case you’re right handed, begin shading from left to right; in case you’re left-handed, begin at the privilege and move to one side.
Sketch the sky with smudges:
On the off chance that you need to portray a sky it’s best for your shading to be not so much crude but rather more smooth and inconspicuous. Pencil lines don’t mix superbly unless you’re exceptionally watchful. You don’t need a sky loaded with writes, unless it’s intentionally. Rather, utilize save paper to doodle a major swatch of delicate graphite or charcoal pencil, at that point utilize a huge mixing stick to get the delicate tidy to use for your picture. Continue utilizing the mixing stick and including more scrawls as you require more graphite. Utilizing a similar procedure, begin obscuring a few zones of the sky to characterize the highest points of the clouds.
Keep the pencil in control:
Take control of your pencil by holding it effectively. In the event that you position your hand nearer to the finish of the pencil, you have more control and exactness, yet heavier strokes. Holding further up the pencil will give you less control and accuracy, yet lighter strokes.
Try to make the drawing symmetrical:
Symmetrical drawings are appreciated everywhere but they look repetitive if done again and again .A decent method to keep this is to include some inconspicuous changes and just keep the general lines symmetrical as opposed to reflecting each little part. Keeping a few components awry abstains from exhausting repetition.
Use varied lines:
Not all lines are equivalent. Unpretentious moves in the width and dimness of your lines will make a dynamic, outwardly intriguing illustration. Controlling the sort of check you put down can be dubious at the outset, yet with training you will have the capacity to make an assortment of imprints that cooperate to make a durable picture. Try different things with various pencil grades (from 3H to 6B) and with holding the pencil at various edges. This will make your work outshine the rest.